People say French is the language of love, but not only that – French is also a language used for many other things, including cussing and everyday chitchat. Roulette is a game of French origin, though, and much of its traditional jargon is still in this language. Let’s see which are the terms you are most likely to encounter at the roulette table.
– Carre (French) – corner bet, a bet placed on four numbers in a square formation
– Cheval (French) – split bet, a bet placed on two adjacent numbers
– En plain (French) – straight bet, a bet placed on a single number
– Orphelins (French) – orphans, a section of the roulette wheel (numbers 1, 20, 14, 31, 9, 17, 36 and 6) used for an announced bet
– Sixainne (French) – six-line bet, a bet placed on six numbers (also called a double street bet)
– Tiers du cylindre (French) – third of the wheel, an announced bet placed on numbers between 27 and 33.
– Transversale (French) – street bet, a bet placed on three numbers in a row
– Voisins du Zero (French) – Neighbors of zero, an announced bet placed on the numbers around the single zero of an European roulette table.
Roulette jargon doesn’t consist of French terms, though – there are several English slang terms used at the roulette table as well. Let’s see:
- Dolly – the score marker used at the American roulette games. It is a wood or plastic figure, similar to a doll, placed on the winning number after the round has concluded so all players shall know which number has won until every player is paid.
– Ficheur – this might be a word of French origin, but it’s mostly used in American casino environments. Here all players have chips of different colours. The ficheur is a device used by the croupier at American casinos to mechanically separate different coloured chips at the table, making them available for use.
– Queen Theatre – a term used for electronic roulette because of the seating around the table – 8 players around the table, and other 16 around the first 8, for a total of 24 players.
There terms are important to know not necessarily to be able to play roulette in online casinos, but more for the fun of it – it is always more interesting to know the jargon of any activity. It gives a player a feeling of insiderness… Be sure to know, though, what you are betting on, and don’t forget to watch your pocket.
Roulette is a simple game, easy to learn and play, but it has a whole bunch of betting options to learn if you plan to play it really seriously. The basic betting options are simple – inside bets placed on single numbers or groups of numbers, outside bets placed on different options for even money. The interesting part is when it comes to announced bets.
Certain sections of the wheel have names, and the players have the option to place bets on these sections. Please note that these are usually available in case of a single-zero, European style roulette wheel.
Voisins du Zero – neighbours of zero
This is the section of the roulette wheel that includes the numbers between 22 and 25, all of them around the zero (almost half of the wheel). Actually, the numbers the bet is placed on are 22,18,29,7,28,12,35,3,26,0,32,15,19,4,21,2 and 25, and it consists of nine chips placed as follows: 2 chips are placed on the 0,2,3 trio; 1 on the 4/7 split; 1 on 12/15; 1 on 18/21; 1 on 19/22; 2 on 25/26/28/29 corner; and 1 on 32/35.
Jeu Zero (zero game)
A bet placed on the seven numbers between 12 and 15, including the zero. It consists of four units, as follows: 1 chip on 0/3 split, 1 on 12-15 split, 1 on 26 straight up and 1 on 32-35 split.
Le tiers du cylindre (Thirds of the wheel)
The thirds of the wheel is the name of the section directly opposite to zero, between the numbers 27 and 33 on the wheel. The bet consists of 6 split bets placed on 12 numbers on the numbers on this section of the wheel.
Orphelins (The orphans)
This is a bet placed on the numbers not included in the Tiers or the Voisins – 1, 20, 14, 31, 9, 17, 36 and 6. The bet can be placed using five chips, as follows: 1 chip is placed straight-up on 1 and 1 chip on each of the splits: 6/9; 14/17; 17/20 and 31/34.
## and the neighbors
For a bet announced as ‘number ## and the neighbors’ a player will place one unit straight on the announced number and the two adjacent numbers on either side, for example ’14 and the neighbors’ means 1 unit placed on 14, 1, 20, 31 and 9.
Some consider casino games to be governed by nothing but chance. Others believe there is order in the chaos – these players try to find the logic, the leading strain in the apparently random results of the games, thus assuring a certain method for winning. Gamblers have devised several of such betting systems since the introduction of casinos, in an effort to win big. Some of them – like the Martingale system – are well known. There are several different systems, depending on the game you want to play.
The martingale system was devised in France in the 18th century, for a game of tossing a coin, and later adapted to roulette. It requires the gambler to double his bet after every loss, so that the first time he wins he recovers all previous losing bets, plus a profit equal to the original bet. It works only in case of bets like ‘red and black’ or ‘even or odd’ in Roulette, where the probability of winning is approximately 50%.
The martingale is a sure winner in case of a player with an infinite bankroll, but in case of a real gambler it is a losing strategy in the long run. Do the math: if you bet $1 the first time and lose, the next bet will be $2, then $4, $8, $16, $32, $64, $128, $256, $512, $1024, $2048, $4096, $8192… you reach a bet of over $16.000 after 15 losing bets.
Betting limits introduced in casinos have effectively eliminated the martingale system.
Anti-martingale, or reverse martingale system
In this case, instead of increasing the bet when the player loses, the bets grow after a win, just to be reduced again to the original amount after a lost hand. This way players can benefit increasingly of winning streaks and reduce losses when the hand is losing. As the above, this strategy is also a loser in gambling, but it can be applied to the stock market instead.
The D’alenbert system
This one sounds a little bit like the combination of the above two systems. According to its rules, the player has to increase the bet by one unit after each loss and decrease it by one unit after each win. This system also requires a large enough bankroll – although not infinite, as in case of the martingale – but at least it allows you to pull some of your winnings off the table after each win.